Wellness Matters: Are you at risk for metabolic syndrome? Take our quiz to find out

By Mary Facciani Aug 11, 2015

Are you at risk for metabolic syndrome? According to the Journal of the American Medical Association. The disease affects nearly 35 percent of American adults and up to 50 percent of adults 60 and older,

For August, the Wyoming Medical Center wellness committee is shining a light this potentially deadly but largely preventable disease. Rachel Tuttle, a nurse at Wyoming Medical Center and staff educator for our medical and surgical units, created the following quiz to help you understand the causes, treatments and risk factors for metabolic syndrome. Good luck!

Metabolic Syndrome Quiz

1. Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of what conditions?

  • A. Increased blood pressure, dry scalp and elevated liver enzymes.
  • B. High sugar level, excess body fat around waist, and bad breath.
  • C. Abnormal cholesterol levels, low blood pressure, excess body fat, and low platelets.
  • D. Increased blood pressure, a high sugar level, excess body fat around waist, and abnormal cholesterol levels.

2. What factors increase your chances of having metabolic syndrome? (Choose all that apply.)

  • A. Age
  • B. High Altitude
  • C. Race
  • D. Obesity

3. What can you do to decrease your chances of having metabolic syndrome?

  • A. Exercise
  • B. Lose weight
  • C. Eat healthy
  • D. All of the above

4. True or False?  Most of the disorders associated with metabolic syndrome have no symptoms. 

5. People with metabolic syndrome are at increased risk for what conditions? (Choose all that apply.)

  • A. Atherocsclerosis (fatty buildup of the artery walls)
  • B. Heart attack and/or stroke
  • C. Arthritis
  • D. Type 2 diabetes

Answers

  1. D: A diagnosis of just one of these conditions does not mean you have metabolic syndrome, but any one increases risk of disease. The more conditions you have combination, the greater your risk.
  2. A, C, D:  Your risk for metabolic syndrome increases with age, affecting up to 50 percent of people over the age of 60. Hispanics and Asians seem to be at greater risk than other races. Carrying too much weight increases your risk, particularly if you have an apple-shaped body type.
  3. D: Aggressive lifestyle changes are usually required to prevent serious health problems, including those associated with metabolic syndrome.
  4. True: Most of the disorders associated with metabolic syndrome have no symptoms, although a large waist circumference is a visible sign.
  5. A, B, D: Without lifestyle changes, hypertension may cause plaque buildup on artery walls and cause them to harden, increasing your chance for stroke or a heart attack. Similarly, metabolic syndrome increases risk of developing diabetes if you don't take charge of your diet and activity.

Mary Facciani

Mary Facciani is director of population health at Wyoming Medical Center. Mary has been in the health and wellness industry for nearly 16 years. She earned her bachelor’s degree in exercise physiology and health education from the University of Wyoming and has a master’s degree in health services.  She specializes in corporate wellness and value-based health program design, and previously worked at the City of Casper as their health promotions specialist. 

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