Cardiac Rehabilitation

Wyoming Medical Center’s Cardiac Rehabilitation is a customized program of exercise and education, designed to help you recover from heart surgery, a heart attack or other forms of heart disease. Your care is individualized based on your diagnosis, medications, physical shape, and your physician’s recommendations. It helps you rebuild your life, both physically and emotionally. As you get stronger and learn how to manage your condition, you will likely return to a normal routine, along with your new diet and exercise habits.

Our program begins when you are still in the hospital. It continues in an outpatient setting with monitored exercise, nutritional counseling, emotional support and education about lifestyle changes. Patients will eventually transition to home-based programs when they can be safely followed.


Eligible Diagnoses

Cardiac Rehabilitation Information

Medicare and most insurance companies cover this service. We can assist you with the verification process. A physician referral is needed to participate. If you have had a heart attack, heart surgery or another heart condition, ask your doctor about joining our cardiac rehabilitation program.

Cardiac Rehabilitation at Wyoming Medical Center
Casper Surgical Center
1201 E. Third St.
Lower Level
Casper, WY 82601

Toll-free: (800) 822-7201
Direct Line: (307) 577-2240

May is National Stroke Awareness Month

Saturday, May 9, 8 a.m. - noon

Casper Stroke Month Flyer

Free Stroke Screening No appointment necessary

Elkhorn Valley Rehabilitation Hospital, 5715 E. Second St.

Thursday, May 21, noon • Free Public Talk

Brain Attack: Surviving a Stroke

West Tower conference rooms
1233 E. Second St. • Drinks and snacks provided

Saturday, May 30, 7 a.m.

6th Annual Stride Out Stroke 5K Walk/Run

Tate Pumphouse Trail Center on the Platte River
1775 W. First St., Casper

Lander/Riverton Stroke Month Flyer
Riverton • Tuesday, May 5, noon
2100 W. Sunset Drive, located in the classroom at SageWest Health Care

Lander • Thursday, May 12, noon
1320 Bishop Randall Drive, located in conference rooms 1, 2 and 3
at Lander Regional Hospital

Free public talk • Brain Attack: Surviving a Stroke

P.A.R.T.Y Program

No, we’re not talking about the type of party you’re thinking of. We’re talking about our program called P.A.R.T.Y. – Prevent Alcohol and Risk-Related Trauma in Youth.

Teens are not children, and they’re not yet adults. In certain circumstances, teens require a unique approach to education. Just as our Safe Kids and Safe Communities programs strive to educate individuals on the importance of injury prevention and traffic safety, the Wyoming Medical Center P.A.R.T.Y. Program strives to teach teens ages 13 to 17 the importance of injury awareness and prevention, specifically with driving.
This one-day, hands-on, in-hospital program is internationally recognized as an injury prevention strategy to help reduce the incidence of risk-related trauma in youth. Risk-taking can sometimes lead to tragic consequences, and this program was designed to show teens the consequences of activities like:
During the program, students participate in several hands-on activities and hear from a number of guest speakers about the consequences of risky behavior. These speakers include police, paramedics, nurses, rehabilitation staff and injury survivors.

What Real Teens Think of the P.A.R.T.Y. Program

“I thought I would have to sit down and get a lecture. It’s not one of those classes. It changes your perspective.” - Ravyn Anderson, grade 8

“The driving simulator shows what it’s like to drive when you’re distracted, like texting or when you have friends in the car.” - Katelyn Magee, grade 8

P.A.R.T.Y. Program Cost

This program is offered free of charge to the public.

All teens participating in P.A.R.T.Y. to meet probation requirements are being asked by their probation officer to make a $20 donation to P.A.R.T.Y. in the form of a cashier’s check or money order. Cash is currently being accepted (exact amount only please).

P.A.R.T.Y. Program Registration

Click here dates for upcoming P.A.R.T.Y.'s

Registration begins at 8:45 a.m. in the Wyoming Medical Center ambulance bay on the corner of Third and Conwell. The program will conclude between 4 and 4:30 p.m., and lunch will be provided. Classes will be held in the Support Services Building, Aud. A & B.

Please make sure teens come dressed with appropriate outerwear for the weather as parts of the class will be outside for extended periods of time.

In addition, all teens who attend need to bring two forms with them: the survey form and consent form. The consent form must be signed by a parent or guardian, and the survey form is to be filled out by the teen before the class.
Please contact (307) 577-2887 with any remaining questions you might have.

Surgical Options

Types of Bariatric Surgery

Three primary weight-loss operations are available at the Wyoming Medical Center and are described here.

Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (aka ‘gastric bypass’)

The Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is considered the gold standard weight-loss operation because it causes the greatest weight loss and the most rapid and significant resolution of weight related illness. Most patients typically lose about 70-80 percent of their excess body weight following gastric bypass.

The procedure consists of two parts. First, a small stomach pouch is created measuring about the size of an egg. Second, the small intestine is divided and connected to the newly created small stomach pouch in a configuration that bypasses the majority of the stomach and the first portion of the small intestine as shown in the diagram.

Gastric bypass works to achieve weight loss and improve health conditions by a variety of mechanisms. First, the small size of the stomach pouch accommodates only small amounts of food. Second, the majority of the stomach and the initial segments of the small bowel are bypassed, preventing absorption of calories and nutrients in that portion of the intestine. Following gastric bypass, hunger hormone levels are drastically diminished leading to decreased desire to eat. Also, the hormones responsible for high blood sugar in diabetics are immediately altered, resulting in blood sugar normalization almost immediately following surgery.

Gastric bypass is the most effective weight-loss operation, but also carries the greatest risk of post-operative complications. Patients who have gastric bypass are committed to taking vitamins on a daily basis for the rest of their lives. Periodic blood tests are performed to check vitamin levels. Because the intestine is “re-routed”, complications can occur including leak at the connection sites, bowel obstruction and ulcer development.

Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy (aka ‘sleeve’)

Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy is a highly effective surgical option for treatment of morbid obesity. In 2014, the sleeve surpassed the gastric bypass as the most commonly performed weight-loss operation in the world. Sleeve gastrectomy involves the surgical removal of 80-90 percent of the stomach, leaving behind a small sleeve of stomach that resembles the sleeve of a shirt.

Sleeve gastrectomy has two primary mechanisms that cause weight loss. First, the small, thin stomach functions to limit the amount of food intake. Second, and most importantly, the portion of the stomach that is removed is contains the majority of the cells that produce hunger hormones responsible for appetite stimulation. Similar to the gastric bypass, without hunger hormones patients have a drastically decreased urge to eat. Remission of diabetes also occurs rapidly following the sleeve gastrectomy by similar mechanisms.

One primary advantage of the sleeve over the bypass is that no re-routing of the GI tract is performed, which decreases the risk of post-operative complications. Patients that have the sleeve gastrectomy typically lose about 60-70 percent of their excess body weight.

Complications rarely occur following sleeve gastrectomy and include narrowing or stricture of the sleeve, leak or acid reflux.

Adjustable gastric band (aka ‘Lap-Band’)

The adjustable gastric band was a popular weight-loss operation for many years. A plastic band is placed around the top of the stomach, creating a small pouch of stomach above the band. This restriction causes a sensation of fullness after taking just a small amount of food. Plastic tubing connects the band to a port that is placed under the skin. The port is used to access and incrementally fill the band with fluid. Larger fluid volume in the band results in greater restriction of the stomach and increased weight loss.

The Lap-Band causes weight loss by limiting food intake. To be successful, patients must remain diligent with having frequent incremental filling of the band. As weight is lost, health problems gradually improve. The Lap-Band does not affect hunger hormones, leading to higher failure rates. Patients who are successful with weight loss typically can lose around 50 percent of their excess body weight.

Complications of the Lap-Band are numerous and include band erosion into the stomach or esophagus, band slippage leading to stomach ischemia, cracked or dysfunctional plastic tubing, and port malfunction. Up to 50 percent of patients with gastric bands will require a subsequent operation in the future and for that reason placement of the Lap-Band is falling out of favor in bariatric surgery programs throughout the country.

Other Operations and Revisions
Certain less common weight-loss operations may be appropriate for some patients and can be discussed individually with your weight loss surgeon. Revisionary surgery for patients who have already undergone weight loss operations can also be discussed with your weight loss surgeon on an individual basis.

About Dr. Helling
Dr. Kevin Helling is a Wyoming native who was born in Laramie and grew up in Casper. He is a board-certified general surgeon having completed training in general surgery at Stanford University. He subsequently completed subspecialty training in advanced laparoscopic and weight loss surgery at Harvard University. He has authored numerous publications, textbook chapters, and has presented his research at national and local scientific meetings.

Free seminars

Register for one of our free seminars online or call (307) 577-2592. Check out seminar dates on the Events Calendar.

Additional Resources

Weight Management

Weight management image
Being overweight or obese is becoming more common in the United States. According to the Centers for Disease Control, two-thirds of all American adults are either overweight or obese.

Why is this statistic such a concern? Obesity is a contributing risk factor for five of the top 10 conditions causing death: heart disease, cancer, stroke, diabetes and kidney disease. Weight management programs like the one offered at Wyoming Medical Center can help people get back to a healthy weight.

The Weight Management Program

What losing weight ultimately comes down to is you. Are you determined to make it happen? If so, you can feel confident knowing a whole team of support is behind you, making the journey more manageable.

When you choose the Weight Management Program at Wyoming Medical Center, you choose a caring staff, helpful tools and convenient resources that can help get you on the path to weight loss and better overall health. Our weight management team is made up of a nurse practitioner, trained dieticians and exercise physiologists who are sensitive to your unique situation and can provide you with a weight loss strategy that fits your lifestyle.

The Weight Management Program at WMC offers nutritional, medical and surgical weight management options at one location, including: Free Seminars
To attend a free seminar, please call the Weight Management Program at Wyoming Medical Center at (307) 577-2592. Check out seminar dates on the Events Calendar.

What Can Weight Management Do for You?

Weight loss can drastically improve the current and future condition of your health by lowering risk factors for many diseases. Weight loss can also improve and treat, if not resolve, specific obesity-related diseases such as: Patients who undergo weight-loss treatment have significantly reduced risk of developing diseases such as:
You don’t need to travel outside of Casper for treatment or follow-up appointments after participating in the Weight Management Program. Your health is close to your heart, so trust it to the heart of Wyoming. Trust it to Wyoming Medical Center. Contact us today to learn more about the Weight Management Program at Wyoming Medical Center.

Contact Weight Management
245 S. Fenway (physical address)
1233 E. Second St. (mailing address)
Casper, WY 82601

(307) 577-2592 (office)
(307) 577-4312 (fax)

Surgery Disease Information

Surgical disease information
As medical advancements and technology grow, the number of people needing surgeries rises as well. According to the Centers for Disease Control, 48 million inpatient surgeries were performed in the United States in 2012 alone. Explore more information on some of the diseases or conditions commonly treated with surgery at Wyoming Medical Center below.

Health Conditions Treated with Surgery

This condition is the most common in children. It involves inflammation of the appendix, a small organ located where the large and small intestine meet. Not all appendicitis cases result in surgery, but many do. The surgery for appendicitis is called an appendectomy and can be done as a laparoscopic (minimally invasive) procedure.

Symptoms: Nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, swelling or tenderness (usually on the lower right side), lack of appetite, constipation, diarrhea, inability to pass gas.

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm
When the lower part of the aorta enlarges and extends through the abdominal area, the aorta wall weakens and distends like a balloon. If the aneurysm becomes too large, it will rupture, resulting in life-threatening bleeding. Surgery is recommended to treat the issue before the aneurysm has ruptured.

Symptoms: There are very few symptoms for this condition, but they may involve a pulsating or tender mass and pain in the back, abdomen or groin that isn’t relieved with medication.

Breast Cancer
Surgery of some kind is almost always necessary in breast cancer cases to remove a breast tumor. Your surgeon and oncologist will discuss options with great detail, but breast-conserving surgery and mastectomies are the most common options. Breast reconstruction is often done at the time of surgery, or can be done at a later time.

When a tumor is discovered in or on the body, surgery is typically used to remove the tumor (depending on its location). The exact type and severity of the surgery depends on the tumor’s size, the type of cancer and factors related to the patient such as age, health status and more.

Symptoms: Symptoms of cancerous tumors vary depending on the type and stage of the cancer. See our Oncology section for more information on the cancers we treat.

WMC routinely conducts surgery on the gall bladder. Gallstones are one reason for gall bladder surgery. This condition involves the formation of stone-like substances in the gall bladder. Many times the gallstones will become lodged in the bile duct, resulting in pain and inflammation.

Symptoms: Periodic pain in the right side of the abdomen, bloating, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, low-grade fever, clay-colored stools.

This condition involves the bulging or tearing of the inner layers of the abdominal wall, resulting in the abdomen pushing through the weakened area. Hernias are usually painful and can happen to both men and women. It can occur after heavy lifting, heavy weight gain or frequent, persistent coughing.

Symptoms: A bulging or protrusion in the groin or abdomen area, pain while lifting, feeling full, dull aches.

Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Commonly referred to as IBD, this disease involves the inflammation of the digestive tract. It is made up of two common conditions: Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis. The inflammation can cause swelling and sores along the digestive tract that can then lead to abdominal pain and frequent diarrhea. Surgery is typically recommended with advanced stages of IBD or when medication has failed to provide relief.

Symptoms: Diarrhea, abdominal pain and swelling, blood in stool, ulcers, reduced appetite, fever, fatigue.

This disease involves the inflammation of the pancreas, an abdominal gland that produces and releases enzymes that aid in digestion. Many times pancreatitis can be treated with medication, but sometimes it may require surgery.

Symptoms: Abdominal pain, vomiting and nausea.

Pyloric Stenosis
This abdominal thickening of the pylorus muscle commonly occurs in infants. Pyloric stenosis affects the area where food and other stomach contents pass into the small intestine, causing a buildup of stomach contents that cannot pass from the stomach into the small intestine.

Symptoms: Frequent projectile vomiting, small stools, dehydration, weight loss, irritability, hunger after feedings.

The above is a short list of some of the conditions treated by surgery at Wyoming Medical Center. This is not a comprehensive list. For more information on diseases we treat through surgery, please contact us.

Learn more about the types of surgeries performed at the Wyoming Medical Center today.

Looking for a Surgeon?

Search for the right surgeon for you today. Are you unsure about what comes next? Get answers to all of your questions by exploring our Patient Information section, where you’ll find information on what to expect while at WMC, travel information, a helpful patient checklist and more. We look forward to meeting you.

Surgery Treatments & Procedures

Surgical treatment image
If you’ve recently discovered you need surgery, you probably have some questions. Why that surgery and not another? How will the surgery help your condition? What can you expect? Wyoming Medical Center is here to ensure you’re prepared for your surgical experience.

With the completion of the McMurry West Tower in 2014, all surgery patients are provided with private rooms with full private bathrooms on the tower's fourth floor.

The surgeons and medical staff at Wyoming Medical Center are well trained in performing complex and specialized surgical procedures. Our surgeons concentrate on different surgical areas, including the following:

General Surgery
Contrary to what the name suggests, general surgery is a specialty that encompasses surgeries in the abdominal region of the body. Specifically, this involves abdominal organs like the intestines, stomach, liver, gall bladder, appendix, kidneys, colon, pancreas and more. Wyoming Medical Center surgeons perform procedures in the areas of: Thoracic Surgery
Thoracic surgical procedures take place in the thoracic (chest) area. At WMC, this includes procedures involving the: Colon & Rectal Surgery
Commonly referred to as colorectal surgery, this type of treatment takes place within the colon and rectal areas of the body. Surgeons at WMC routinely perform advanced colon and rectal procedures for: Vascular Surgery
A person’s vascular system is made up of arteries, blood vessels and veins. Vascular surgeons specialize in the surgical treatment of conditions that affect these areas of the body. WMC offers procedures that correct vascular conditions such as: Bariatric Surgery
When weight-loss programs, dieting and exercise don’t help an obese individual lose weight, bariatric surgery may be the only effective treatment. This specialty area is made up of a variety of different weight-loss surgeries, and WMC is proud to offer the Lap-Band surgery for treatment of obesity.

Endoscopy is a medical procedure that involves the use of an endoscope used to see inside the body and assist in performing special surgical procedures. The surgeons at WMC typically use endoscopy during procedures involving the:

Looking for a Surgeon?

The above is a brief overview of the surgical specialties practiced by the experienced and well-trained surgeons at Wyoming Medical Center. Depending on your condition, a physician will better be able to identify whether your treatment plan involves a surgical procedure.

Find the best surgeon for you or your loved one by choosing a specialty area below:
Are you unsure about what comes next? Get answers to all of your questions by exploring our Patient Information section, where you’ll find information on what to expect while at WMC, travel information, a helpful patient checklist and more. We look forward to meeting you.

Neurology Treatment & Procedures

neurological treatment
Following the proper testing and diagnosis of a brain or spine condition, a neurologist can better determine the course of treatment right for you. The treatment method recommended by your doctor can vary depending on your exact circumstances, such as your risk factors, overall health, age, severity of your condition and more.

In a broad sense, neurology treatments can be categorized into two main groups: medication and surgery. Explore more information on each of these treatment options below.


Some conditions like epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease and more are commonly treated with prescription medications. These medications can be prescribed depending on a person’s: Surgical procedures for the sensitive areas of the brain and spinal cord can be serious, invasive procedures. Because of this, a neurologist will typically consider a treatment plan involving medication if successful results can be seen without the need for surgery.


The following are just a few of the common brain and spine treatment options performed at Wyoming Medical Center. Following the proper diagnosis, a physician can better determine the best treatment plan to control your symptoms and get you feeling better.

Wyoming Medical Center is proud to offer Wyoming’s first Stealth Station System that allows for sensitive operations in the brain and spine. Our neurosurgeons can properly determine the type of surgical procedure needed to treat a brain or spine condition.

Although each brain or spine condition can be treated with different surgeries, some procedures are more prevalent than others. The most common surgical procedures for brain or spine conditions are:

This operation involves the opening of the skill for neurosurgeons to access the brain for repair of various brain conditions. During this procedure, the patient is put under general anesthesia and is fully unconscious. The neurosurgeon shaves an area of the scalp and makes an incision through the scalp over the area where the brain condition exists. A hole is then drilled through the skill so the surgeon can access the brain. This procedure is commonly used to repair brain aneurysms, remove brain tumors or remove a blood clot.

Carotid Endarterectomy
During this procedure, the neurosurgeon makes an incision in the carotid artery to remove the plaque with a special tool. They also widen the passageway of the artery, allowing for better blood flow. The artery is then repaired with sutures or a graft.

Spine Surgery
A variety of spine surgeries can be used to treat various spine conditions, like herniated discs, degenerative disc disease and more. These procedures can typically be performed as a minimally invasive treatment, while sometimes invasive spine surgery may be necessary depending on the severity of the condition. Talk to your doctor to learn more about the spine treatment that best fits your spine condition.

Looking for a Doctor?

Find the neurologist or neurosurgeon right for you today.
For matters concerning your health, you should know all you can. You deserve to know what to expect. Explore our Patient Information section for resources on what to expect as a patient of Wyoming Medical Center, travel information, a helpful patient checklist and more. We look forward to caring for you.

Neurology Diagnostics & Testing

Neurology treatment image
The brain and spine are central to our health and well-being. When a condition threatens the health of our nervous systems, it impacts our daily lives and our overall ability to function. This makes diagnosis, treatment and follow-up care from skilled and compassionate neurologists all the more essential.

Wyoming Medical Center offers various methods of diagnostics and testing for brain and spine conditions. Our diagnostic team handles tests ranging from a standard MRI to delicate procedures that required highly skilled technicians. An experienced neurologist can better determine which form of testing is necessary to uncover potential brain or spine problems and move towards the proper treatment.

Learn more about the types of diagnostics and testing used by the neurologists at WMC below.

Cerebral Angiography
This procedure makes it possible for doctors to examine the inside of the arteries. A local anesthetic is given and a needle is inserted into the artery, usually in the leg. A catheter is then inserted through the needle into the artery and threaded through the main vessels of the abdomen and chest until it is in the proper location. A contrast dye is injected through the catheter and fluoroscope is used to project images of the vessels onto a monitor for the physician to examine.

These non-invasive tests can vary depending on the area of concern on the body. A carotid duplex is used to identify plaque build-up, blood clots of other problems with blood flow. A Doppler ultrasound is used to examine various veins and blood vessels in the body. Both involve the use of high-frequency sound waves that produce an image of the area being examined.

eeg of brain waves
Electroencephalogram (EEG)
An electroencephalogram (EEG) involves the placement of electrodes on a person’s scalp. These electrodes are able to pick up electrical impulses and activity taking place inside the brain. The electrodes then transfer that information onto a graphical display printed out as brain waves.

Computed Tomography (CT or CAT Scan)
This non-invasive test creates a diagnostic image that is more detailed than ordinary X-rays and can show bone, blood and brain tissue. Typically a contrast dye is injected through a vein to help highlight internal structures. The CT/CAT scan is often used to identify hemorrhagic strokes.

Spinal Tap
This procedure involves the insertion of a needle into the space surrounding the spinal cord to extract cerebrospinal fluid. The fluid is then tested to detect bleeding caused by a cerebral hemorrhage or other spinal condition.

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
An MRI is similar to an X-ray but uses large magnets and radio-frequency waves to produce the images of internal structures of the body. These images provide physicians with more detailed information than an X-ray can provide by creating clear images of the brain and brain stem. Physicians can then determine any signs of mini-strokes.

Looking for a Doctor?

Find the neurologist or neurosurgeon right for you today.
Do you need further information on what comes next? Explore the different types of treatment for neurological conditions from Wyoming Medical Center.

Neurology Disease Information

neurological diseases
When it comes to your thoughts, feelings and movement, your brain and spine are at the center of it all. That’s why the field of neurology is so important.

Neurology is a field that focuses on the brain, spine and nervous system. There are a variety of diseases and conditions that can affect these sensitive organs in the body. Therefore, having neurologists properly trained and experienced in dealing with these disorders is crucial. Wyoming Medical Center is proud to offer both neurologists and neurosurgeons who are dedicated to diagnosing and treating brain and spinal disorders.

Explore some of the common brain and spinal disorders treated at WMC below.

Neurology Conditions Treated at WMC

The below is a short list of some of the conditions treated by the neurologists or neurosurgeons at Wyoming Medical Center. This is not a comprehensive list. For more information on the neurological conditions we treat, please contact us.

Cerebrovascular Disease
According to the American Association of Neurological Surgeons, cerebrovascular disease is the most common life-threatening neurological condition. The word cerebrovascular is made up of two parts: “cerebro”, or the large part of the brain and “vascular”, the arteries and veins. This disease includes conditions like stroke, carotid stenosis, vertebral stenosis, aneurysms and more. All of these conditions involve restrictions in blood flow to the brain, whether it’s from the narrowing of a blood vessel, blood clot, blockage or rupture.

Symptoms: dizziness, nausea, severe headache, disorientation or memory loss, abnormal speech, loss of vision, loss of balance, numbness or weakness in an arm, leg or face.

Traumatic Head Injury
When a person experiences an intense, external force to the head, it can injure the brain and cause it to bleed or swell. This can happen from various activities, such as an automobile accident, injury from playing sports, a bad fall and more. Even minor brain injuries can result in the need for medical treatment. When loss of consciousness occurs, the injury is especially serious and a doctor should be sought as soon as possible. If loss of consciousness doesn’t occur, you should still watch for the following warning signs of serious brain injury:

headache, slurred speech, vomiting, confusion about the date and time, memory loss, restlessness, change in pupil size, fatigue.

When a person experiences recurrent seizures, it may be epilepsy. An epileptic seizure happens when abnormal or excessive electrical discharges from brain cells alter proper brain function. Some cases of epilepsy can be treated with medication, while others may require surgery. A neurologist is the best medical professional to properly diagnose and treat epilepsy.

Symptoms: The most common symptom of epilepsy is frequent, random seizures. A neurologist can properly diagnose epilepsy with the patient’s medical history and associated medical conditions.

Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
This condition is an inflammatory disorder that occurs when the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks normal, healthy tissues called myelin, which are located in the nervous system. Symptoms of MS appear when the myelin in a certain area has been damaged, resulting in disrupted nerve function. The exact cause of MS is still uncertain.

Symptoms: Numbness, tingling, vision changes, dizziness, weakness, tremor, difficulty walking, heat sensitivity, stiffness, “pins & needles” pain, and more (symptoms vary per person).

Herniated Discs
When a spinal disc protrudes between vertebrae, a herniated disc occurs. This can result in severe pain and discomfort in the spine and commonly occurs over a long period of time. Usually a herniated disc takes place in the lumbar (lower) or cervical (upper) spine areas.

Symptoms: Back or neck pain that feels worse when sitting, bending, lifting or twisting, a desire to change positions to alleviate the pain.

Degenerative Disc Disease
This condition causes the spine to become unstable and weak, causing both pain and injury to the spinal cord or spinal nerves. Degenerative disc disease usually occurs as a result of a trauma to the spine, which can cause tears or breaks in the supportive tissues and bones of the spine.

Symptoms: Lower back pain that is worse while sitting, bending, lifting or twisting, back pain that feels better when running or walking, a frequent desire to change positions.

Spinal Stenosis
Spinal stenosis involves the narrowing of the spinal canal, the location where the spinal cord is found. This occurs from an abnormal buildup of tissue around the spine and can cause pain by compressing the nerves and spinal cord.

Symptoms: Back pain made worse by sitting, lifting, twisting or bending, a desire to change positions to relieve the pain, relief from walking or running rather than sitting or standing.

Parkinson’s Disease
This chronic neurological disease affects the nerve cells in the brain or near the neck called substantia nigra. These cells normally produce a chemical that transmits signals between the areas of the brain that coordinate smooth muscle movement. With Parkinson’s disease, the substantia nigra die, leading to a lack of organized muscle movement and the inability to control body movements.

Symptoms: Muscle stiffness, changes in walking pattern, tremors, bradykinesia (slowing down of movement), speech changes, loss of balance.

Tumors are abnormal growths inside the body and can be found inside the skull or the spinal column. These tumors can be either benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). Depending on the location, size and severity of the tumors, both benign and malignant tumors can be removed with treatment which may include surgery, radiation or chemotherapy.

Symptoms: Headaches, seizures, nausea, vomiting, vision or hearing problems, behavioral or cognitive problems, motor problems, balance problems.

Looking for a Doctor?

Find the neurologist or neurosurgeon right for you today.
Explore the methods of diagnostics and testing or neurological conditions used at Wyoming Medical Center today.

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